Scientific Name: Machaerium schleroxylon
Other Names and Species: Morado, Moradillo, Santos Palisander
Origin: Bolivia and Brazil in South America, and also Central America.
Appearance: Bolivian rosewood is distinctive for its dark brown to violet color with black streaks or striping. Over time, the wood may lighten considerably from darker brown tones to lighter golden tan colors. In addition, the broad color variation exhibited in freshly cut wood can undergo substantial muting over time. It has a uniform and moderately coarse texture.
Properties: Brazilian rosewood is notably hard and dense, with a dimensional stability similar to that of red oak.
Workability: Despite its density, Bolivian rosewood works well and sands to a fine natural polish. Many oil-based finishes will not dry properly with this wood, so water-based stains are preferred.
Principal Uses: Bolivian rosewood is generally useful for the same purposes as the Brazilian variety, including wood flooring, decorative veneers, fine furniture, cabinet work, and specialty items.