Below are listed the relative hardness for numerous wood species used in flooring. These ratings were done using the Janka Hardness Test, which measure the force needed to embed a .444 inch steel ball to half its diameter in a piece of wood. The higher the number the harder the wood. Although this is one of the best methods to measure the ability of wood species to withstand indentations, it should be used as a general guide when comparing various species of wood flooring. The construction and finish also play an important role in the durability and ease of maintenance of any wood floor.

 

WOOD SPECIESRATING
Douglas Fir660
Southern Yellow Pine (short leaf)690
Southern Yellow Pine (longleaf)870
Black Cherry950
Teak1000
Black Walnut1010
Heart Pine1225
Yellow Birch1260
Rose Gaboty 1285
Red Oak (Northern)1290
American Beech1300
Ash1320
White Oak1360
Australian Cypress1375
Hard maple1450
Tauari (Brazilian Oak)1500
Wenge1620
Garapa (Grapia)1654
Kempas1710
African Pedauk1725
Bamboo1800
Hickory1820
Pecan1820
Purpleheart1860
Jarrah1910
Merbau1925
Sucupira1980
Tigerwood2150
Santos Mahogany2200
Mesquite2345
Brazilian Cherry2350
Massaranduba2890
Tamarindo3000
Cumaru (Teak Brazilian) 3540
Purpleheart3630
Brazilian Walnut (IPE)
3670
Kurupayra (Anjico)3840